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Why are stiffer springs better? The Key to Improved Performance

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Why are stiffer springs better?

Springs are essential to a vehicle’s suspension system, absorbing shocks and vibrations while driving. Springs come in various types and sizes, but the most common are coil springs, leaf springs, and torsion bars.

Stiffer springs have gained popularity among car enthusiasts because they offer many benefits over softer ones. However, before discussing the advantages of stiff springs, let us first define what springs are and how they work.

Explanation of the topic

We refer to stiffer springs’ spring rate or stiffness level. Spring rate is the force required to compress a spring by an inch.

A stiffer spring has a higher spring rate. It requires more force to compress it by the same distance as a softer one. For example, if a soft spring requires 200 pounds to compress it by an inch, a stiffer one with a higher spring rate might require 300 pounds to achieve the same compression.

Importance of understanding the benefits of stiffer springs

Understanding the benefits of using stiffer springs is crucial for car enthusiasts who want better vehicle handling and performance. Stiff springs can improve cornering ability. They reduce body roll when turning corners or changing directions quickly and enhance grip on uneven surfaces. This includes gravel roads or bumps in asphalt pavement. The improvement results from increased tire contact patch pressure on bumpy surfaces. This is caused by less deflection in suspension components.

Moreover, they can increase suspension stiffness. This results in better control over vehicle movement. It’s especially noticeable during high-speed driving or hard braking and acceleration events. Consider factors like weight distribution and driving style to select the appropriate stiffness level for your vehicle. We’ll delve deeper into these aspects later in this article.

Understanding why stiffer springs are better is crucial. They can improve a vehicle’s handling and performance. The right spring stiffness enhances grip, stability, and control while reducing body roll.

What are Springs?

Mechanical springs store and release energy, finding application in various fields such as automotive suspensions, industrial machinery, and consumer products.

The two main types of springs are compression springs and extension springs. When a force is applied to them, compression springs compress, and extension springs extend.

Definition and Types of Springs

Coiled helical structures are crafted from steel or bronze alloys. These structures create compression springs, and their open-coil design allows them to compress under a load without permanent deformation.

Extension springs, also called tension springs, elongate when force is applied. They return to their original shape when the force is removed. Other spring types behave differently. Torsion springs rotate when twisted. Leaf springs comprise stacked flat metal strips. Gas shock absorbers employ gas pressure to dampen spring movement.

How Springs Work

According to Hooke’s law, an object’s deformation (stretch or compression) is proportional to the applied force. Springs work based on this principle. When a load applies force to a spring, the spring deforms and stores potential energy within its structure. When the load is released, the spring returns to its original shape and releases this stored energy.

The stiffness or strength of a spring depends on its material composition and design. The rate at which a spring compresses or extends under load is known as its spring rate.

Higher-strength materials or more tightly wound coils result in stiffer springs with higher spring rates. Understanding how different types of springs work can help you choose the right type for your application based on load capacity, frequency of use, space limitations, and required stiffness levels.

Contact one of our production facilities for your technical springs. With more than 20.000 technical springs from stock, the production facilities to make almost every spring custom-made, and our +80 years of experience in producing springs. TEVEMA is the right spring partner.

Questions? Call +31 20 682 29 61

Stiffer Springs: Advantages and Disadvantages

Improved Handling and Stability: Reducing Body Roll, Enhancing Cornering Ability, and Traction

Stiffer springs are a popular upgrade for those looking to improve their vehicle’s handling and stability. Stiffer springs reduce body roll. Body roll is the tendency of the car to lean when cornering or changing lanes. This helps keep the tires in better contact with the road.

This reduces understeer or oversteer and enhances cornering ability. Stiffer springs also increase suspension stiffness, meaning there is less movement of the vehicle’s body during acceleration or braking.

This reduces brake dive on hard stops and acceleration squat on hard launches. The result is better control over vehicle movement and enhanced grip on uneven surfaces.

Drawbacks of Stiffer Springs: Harsh Ride Quality and NVH Levels

Despite their numerous benefits, stiffer springs do have some drawbacks. One of the most notable drawbacks is a harsh ride quality due to increased stiffness in the suspension system.

This can cause discomfort to passengers as they feel more bumps on rough roads than with softer springs. Additionally, stiffer springs can increase the cabin’s noise, vibration, and harshness levels (NVH).

Factors to Consider When Choosing Stiffer Springs

Vehicle Weight Distribution: How it Affects Spring Rate

The weight distribution of your vehicle affects how much spring rate you need to achieve optimal performance from your suspension system. Heavier vehicles require stiffer springs to support their weight than lighter ones with similar driving characteristics. When selecting stiffer springs for your car, it’s crucial to assess their suitability based on your vehicle’s weight distribution.

Driving Style: How Aggressive Driving Affects Spring Choice

Another factor to consider when choosing stiffer springs is your driving style. Aggressive drivers may benefit from stiffer springs due to their suspension system’s increased stability and control.

However, more casual drivers may not require such stiff suspension systems and thus benefit more from softer spring rates. It is essential to match your driving style with the type of spring rate you choose for optimal performance.


Stiffer springs provide several benefits for those seeking to enhance their vehicle’s handling and stability. These advantages include reduced body roll, improved cornering ability, enhanced grip on uneven surfaces, and increased suspension stiffness. However, some drawbacks come with these springs, including harsh ride quality and increased NVH levels inside the cabin. When using stiffer springs on your vehicle, consider factors like weight distribution and driving style. This helps you choose the right spring rate for your needs.

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