Call now

+31 20 682 2961


Close this search box.

Vehicle Suspension Springs with Increased Wheel Travel: An Introduction and Basics

Share this blog:


In automotive engineering, vehicle suspension springs stand as a pivotal component, ensuring both comfort and safety. These mechanical devices, often made of metal or plastic, are designed to provide vehicles with a smooth ride by compressing or bending under pressure and immediately recovering their shape afterwards. Understanding their intricacies becomes paramount with the burgeoning demand for suspensions offering greater wheel articulation, especially in off-roading scenarios.

Types of Suspensions Used in Off-Roading

Off-roading, a thrilling venture into rugged terrains, demands a robust suspension system. The choice of suspension can significantly influence a vehicle’s performance on uneven grounds. Here’s a closer look at the various suspension types tailored for off-roading:

Independent Suspension

  • As the name suggests, each wheel moves independently over the road surface, isolating the remaining wheels from the impact. This type of suspension offers a much-improved ride compared to rigid axles, albeit at a higher complexity and cost.
  • Common types include the MacPherson struts and double-wishbone suspension, prevalent in most modern sedans and sports cars.

Rigid Axle Suspension

  • Also known as “solid axle” or “live axle”, this was the first mass-produced design. A solid beam connects opposing wheels, meaning when one wheel encounters a bump, the other is affected, potentially decreasing ride quality.
  • However, its benefits lie in its cost-effectiveness, ample wheel travel benefits for off-road ventures, and ability to carry heavy loads. For instance, vehicles like the Jeep Wrangler employ a rigid axle both at the front and rear.
  • A more complex system, it uses multiple arms to control the motion of the wheel. This allows for a smoother ride and better handling, especially on uneven terrains.

Double-Wishbone Suspension

  • This system uses two wishbone-shaped arms to control the movement of the wheel. It’s known for providing better control and stability, especially during fast cornering.

Leaf Spring and Coil Spring Suspension

  • Leaf springs are often used on a rigid axle, while torsion bars and coil springs are typically used for independent suspension. Some newer vehicles even utilise “air suspension” with air-filled bladders replacing the traditional springs.

Why Suspension Matters in Off-Roading

Venturing off the beaten path is not just about the thrill; it’s also about the vehicle’s ability to handle unpredictable terrains. Here’s why a robust suspension system is indispensable:

  • Smoothing Out Bumps: A quality suspension system ensures that the ride remains comfortable, even on the roughest terrains. It absorbs the shocks from bumps, ensuring passengers don’t feel every jolt.
  • Providing Better Friction: The right suspension ensures that the vehicle’s tyres maintain optimal contact with the ground. This is crucial for traction, especially on slippery or uneven surfaces.
  • Enhancing Vehicle Stability: A vehicle’s stability, especially when cornering or navigating challenging terrains, is significantly influenced by its suspension. A good system ensures the vehicle remains balanced and grounded.

In conclusion, while the world of vehicle suspension springs might seem intricate, understanding its basics is crucial for anyone keen on off-roading or automotive design. As technology advances, so do these systems, promising even better performance and safety in the future.

Vehicle Suspension Springs with Increased Wheel Travel: Advantages, Comparisons, and Recommendations

Advantages of Quality Suspension Systems

In the intricate world of automotive engineering, the suspension system stands as a testament to the blend of science and innovation. A vehicle’s suspension system, particularly its springs and shock absorbers, is pivotal in ensuring a harmonious balance between comfort and performance. Let’s delve into the manifold advantages of top-tier suspension systems:

Improved Stability of Ride

  • A vehicle equipped with a high-quality suspension system offers a ride that’s both stable and smooth. This is particularly crucial when navigating terrains that are uneven or riddled with obstacles.

Reduction of Shocks

  • One of the primary functions of the suspension system is to absorb shocks. Whether it’s a minor bump on the road or a significant jolt off-road, a good suspension ensures that these disturbances are minimised, offering a comfortable ride.

Enhanced Traction

  • Traction, or the grip of a vehicle’s tyres on the road, is significantly influenced by the suspension system. A robust suspension ensures optimal wheel articulation, ensuring that the tyres maintain consistent contact with the ground, especially vital in off-roading scenarios.

Comparing Different Suspension Systems

The automotive world offers a plethora of suspension systems, each tailored for specific needs and vehicle types. However, when it comes to off-roading, the debate often boils down to two primary systems: Independent vs. Rigid Axle Suspension and Coil Spring vs. Leaf Spring Suspension.

Independent vs. Rigid Axle Suspension

  • Independent Suspension: As previously discussed, this system allows each wheel to move independently. This is particularly beneficial when navigating uneven terrains, as it offers a smoother ride and better handling. However, it’s often more complex and can be costlier to repair or replace.
  • Rigid Axle Suspension: A more traditional system, the rigid axle suspension, often found in trucks and heavy-duty vehicles, is known for its durability and ability to handle heavy loads. Its design, however, means that it might not offer as smooth a ride as its independent counterpart. According to an in-depth analysis by J.D. Power, vehicles like the Jeep Wrangler employ a rigid axle both at the front and rear.

Coil Spring vs. Leaf Spring Suspension

  • Coil Spring: These are the most common type of springs found in modern vehicles. They’re known for their durability and ability to provide a comfortable ride.
  • Leaf Spring: Often used in trucks and larger vehicles, leaf springs are a series of arched springs. While they might not offer the same level of comfort as coil springs, they’re known for their durability and ability to handle heavier loads.

Top Recommendations for Off-Road Suspension Systems

For those keen on off-roading, choosing the right suspension system is paramount. Here are some top recommendations, bearing in mind the offerings from Tevema:

  • ECCPP Air Suspension Shock Absorber: Known for its durability and performance.
  • Super Lift Suspension System: Offers a balance between comfort and off-road performance.
  • Pro Comp Suspension System: Tailored for heavy-duty off-roading.
  • BDS Suspension: Offers a range of suspension kits for various vehicle types.
  • Rough Country: Known for its robust design and durability.
  • Icon Vehicle Dynamics: Tailored for high-performance off-roading.
  • Kryptonite Suspension: Offers enhanced wheel travel for off-roading.
  • Fab-Tech Suspension System: Known for its innovative design and performance.
  • Pro RYDE Suspension System: Offers adjustable ride height.
  • Rock Krawler Suspension: Tailored for extreme off-roading scenarios.

In conclusion, the world of vehicle suspension springs is vast and intricate. Whether you’re an off-roading enthusiast or someone keen on understanding the mechanics of vehicles, understanding the nuances of suspension systems is crucial. As technology continues to evolve, so will these systems, promising even better performance in the years to come.

Vehicle Suspension Springs with Increased Wheel Travel: Components, FAQs, and Conclusion

Understanding the Main Components of Suspension Systems

The suspension system of a vehicle, while often overlooked by the layman, is a marvel of engineering that ensures both comfort and safety during rides. Let’s delve deeper into its primary components:


  • At the heart of the suspension system lie the springs. These components are responsible for absorbing the energy from road irregularities, ensuring the wheels can rotate smoothly. There are various types of springs, including coil springs and leaf springs, each tailored for specific vehicle needs.


  • Working in tandem with the springs are the shock absorbers, often simply referred to as ‘shocks. Their primary role is to dampen the oscillations of the springs, ensuring a smooth ride. According to a study by the University of Birmingham, the combination of springs and shocks is crucial in determining the overall ride quality and vehicle stability.


In the realm of vehicle suspension springs, several questions often arise. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions:

What makes an excellent off-road suspension?

  • A top-tier off-road suspension offers a balance between comfort and durability. It should be able to handle the rigours of off-roading while ensuring passengers experience minimal discomfort.

Is independent suspension better for off-roading?

  • While independent suspension offers a smoother ride, its suitability for off-roading depends on the terrain and the vehicle’s purpose. For heavy-duty off-roading, a rigid axle might be more appropriate.

How do I make my off-road ride smoother?

  • Ensuring your vehicle is equipped with a quality suspension system, regularly checking for wear and tear, and making necessary adjustments can significantly improve ride smoothness.

Is double-wishbone suspension good for off-roading?

  • Double-wishbone suspension, a type of independent suspension, is known for its stability and handling. While it can be used for off-roading, its suitability depends on the specific requirements of the activity.


In the intricate world of automotive engineering, vehicle suspension springs stand as a testament to the blend of science and innovation. Whether you’re an off-roading enthusiast, a mechanic, or someone keen on understanding the mechanics of vehicles, grasping the nuances of suspension systems is paramount. As we venture further into the 21st century, technological advancements promise even more refined and efficient suspension systems, ensuring both safety and comfort for all.

More blogs

Scroll to Top